How to Write Citations

Using proper citation style is usually a requirement for any written assignments and publications. Keeping track of your sources using the appropriate style will help save time and effort looking things up again later.
  • Copyright
  • Plagiarism
  • Library
  • Writing
  • Research

It's important to give credit whenever you quote somebody, borrow a concept or idea, or use somebody's research findings or other types of work — including charts, diagrams, photographs, etc.

Citing sources helps you:

  • Show that your work is based on credible research.
  • Avoid accusations of plagiarism or "stealing" ideas.
  • Give credit to authors and creators.
  • Help readers look up your sources to use or verify.

Using proper citation style is usually a requirement for any written assignments and publications. Keeping track of your sources using the appropriate style will help save time and effort looking things up again later.

Style guides also include rules for formatting your text, including title pages and bibliographies. Ask your instructor or a librarian if you're not sure which style to use.

APA American Psychological Association

APA is the most common citation style in social science courses and health and human services programs at CNC.

MLA Modern Language Association

MLA is the most common citation style in humanities, including English literature, arts, and philosophy.

Turabian/Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) is a common style guide in publishing, used at CNC for technical writing and some history courses.

Vancouver Style (ICMJE Uniform Requirements)

American Anthropological Association (AAA) Style

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style

American Medical Association (AMA) Style

Note, this style is similar to ICMJE Uniform Requirements (Vancouver Style) above.

American Sociological Association (ASA) Style

Council of Science Editors (CSE/CBE) Style

Society for American Archaeology (SAA) Style

More Style Guides